Dancing in my head again

jazz silhouette

Dancing in my head was the topic of a post I wrote back in 2012 and I thought it is time to say something more about this exciting topic.

What I refer to as, dancing in my head, is often called mental practise or mental rehearsal. In dance this mental practise involves imagining that one is in the dance environment performing the desired dance task or tasks. One aspect that I find works really well for me when dancing in my head, is rhythm. Going through the step or movement in rhythm in my head helps me to get the right feel of the dance, step or movement. Feeling the rhythm in my head is the same as feeling it in my feet or body when I dance it or teach it.

Mental rehearsal is a good way to get steps, movements or a dance clear in your head before you physically perform them.. Take Highland dancing for example, dancing a new step or a new link from one movement to another, in your head reduces the amount of energy needed and hopping that needs to be done. In fact, Highland is a dance genre where teaching your students about mental rehearsal or dancing in their head can really benefit their performance. Competitive Highland dancers and other competitive dancers of course, can gain from ‘dancing in their head’ as part of their training regime for competitions.

I like to explore using a variety of ways to achieve the end goal and mental rehearsal is one that you might find helps your dancers to focus on how to practise and get the most from that practise.

Whatever dance genre/s you teach why not consider encouraging ‘dancing in your head’ for your students and see what they make of doing regular, mental practise?

Remember to read my previous post on this topic for more information.




Foot on ball

Did you know that the foot has over 100 muscles, tendons and ligaments?

Do you know what the main functions of the foot are?

Find some more basic foot facts in my Focus on Feet  free to download below.

As well as foot facts, Focus on Feet gives you some ideas for foot conditioning exercises. You can share these with your students and of course, you can do them yourself too.

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Highland dancers – achieving steady raised arms

Highland dancing

I remember when I was a young Highland dancing competitor that we all worked hard to have steady arms. With so much elevation and jumping going on in Highland it is not surprising that achieving steady arms is, for some, a real challenge. But does it need to be?

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My latest book purchase

Dance Medicine in PracticeMy copy of Liane Simmel’s book ‘Dance Medicine in Practice’ (newly translated into English) and published by Routledge has just arrived. I love the anticipation of opening a brand new book. When I heard that Liane’s book was now available in I immediately ordered it and at first glance, it certainly does not disappoint.

This post is about my first impressions of this book as I have yet to read it. But flicking through the sections and pages it seems well thought out and offers a lot of useful information as one would expect from a medical doctor, osteopath and former professional dancer who specialises in dance medicine.

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Knees in Line

Holding DaisiesDo you find that some of your Line dancers report aches in their knees after Line dancing? If you do then it might not surprise you to learn that this is quite common. I was writing about achy knees in Line dancing well over 10 years ago. The issues today are similar to back then but I thought it is worth flagging up some simple ways that you can use to help Line dancers reduce or prevent ‘Line dancer knees’.

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Relaxation for Dancers – Tense and Release Technique


Something I have planned to do for a while is some short presentations about Relaxation for Dancers. And the first one is now available.

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Conference: Nutrition and disordered eating in dance

The full conference title is:-

Nutrition and disordered eating in dance: Artistry, athleticism and the role of the multidisciplinary support team

Date: Monday 30 April 2012    Venue:  Royal Society of Medicine, London W1G 0AE

The event is a Dance UK, Healthier Dancer Programme Conference.

I am looking forward to attending this conference. The text below about the conference is copied from the promotional email sent out.

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Dancing in my head

I have always been a fan of dancing in my head. I was always encouraged to use imagery to help me to get the feel of a step or movement. And I find it helps me to clarify movements, steps or dances. In many ways it feels as if I am dancing it for real. And because it feels like this I can mark things through or do a full-blown performance in my head. What I find interesting about this is that studies in performance psychology show that  there is real value in mentally rehearsing as well as physically rehearsing. So when I feel as if I am dancing in my head it is because this process has a physical response too.

I might be dancing in my head but the muscles that I use to perform the movements fire up in a similar way when I am dancing for real. Professional athletes and sports people use this type of mental rehearsal a lot. Professional footballers, such as, will mentally rehearse taking a penalty and when they do this it is as if they are actually taking the penalty. They will go through the process in their head seeing and feeling it all as if they were on the pitch taking a real penalty. The connection between mental and physical rehearsal and performance is a valuable tool to have and to use.

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Relaxation Technique: Tense and Release

I am a great believer in the benefits of relaxation skills for dancers.  Dancing with muscles that are full of excess tension is like dancing with big heavy boots on.  And the more you do it the more your body tries to adapt to accommodate the tension.  The problem here is that you get so used to dancing with excess tension that you don’t realise that the tension is there.  So learning to recognise muscle tension is vital if you want to reduce it.

Using the tense and release relaxation technique helps you to develop awareness of varying amounts of tension in your muscles.  It is useful to practise recognising three different levels of tension:-

  • strong – this is where you tense your muscles as much as you can
  • medium – this is where you use roughly half of the available muscle tension
  • light – this is the minimal amount of tension when you are hardly tensing your muscles at all

Begin by making yourself comfortable.  This can be lying on a mat on the floor, sitting in a supportive chair or even lying in bed.  You want to feel that the floor, chair or bed is supporting you.  And give a sigh to begin the release of tension.  Before beginning the tense and release technique take a moment or two to focus on the rhythm of your breathing paying particular attention to the ‘out breath’.  Close your eyes if you wish.

You can work through the body from the head to the feet or from the feet to the head – whatever you prefer.  I am going to begin with the feet and lower legs.

Tense your right lower leg and foot by pointing your toes as strongly as you can – feel the tension then let it go.  Repeat on the same side again but this time use medium or half tension – again feel the tension then release it.  Repeat once more on the right side but use only the lightest or minimal tension that you can – feel the tension then relax and let it go.  Repeat all the above on the left side.  Remember to breathe and focus on the ‘out breath’.

Then you are ready to move to the next area – the upper legs.  Strongly tense your right thigh and buttock – feel the tension and then let it release.  Repeat on the same side with medium tension – feel the tension and then let it go.  And then repeat once more with minimal tension – feel the tension and then relax.  Repeat all three levels of tension on the left side remembering about the breathing.

Repeat this triple pattern of tension and release with the arms on one side and then the other – tensing and releasing the arm and fist.

Then move to the abdomen – tense your abdominals by drawing them backwards towards your spine, feel the tension and then let it go.  Repeat for each level of tension.

Moving to the neck and shoulders.  Tense the muscles around this area by lifting up your shoulders towards your ears (shrugging), feel the level of tension and then release it.  Repeat for each level of tension.  Continue to let the breathing help you to relax by focusing on the ‘out breath’.

The last area is the face.  Create strong tension by tightening your jaw and screwing up all the muscles in your face – feel the tension and then relax.  Repeat for medium and minimal tension.

When you have completed the tense and release technique throughout the body then focus on your breathing and enjoy the relaxation.  When you are ready, gently start to move your feet by stretching them away from you, open your eyes if they are closed.  If you want to get up then do this gradually in your own time.

Regularly practising this tense and release technique will help you to develop your awareness of the level of muscle tension when you are dancing.  And if it is too strong then you will be able to explore reducing it until you achieve optimal tension.  Once you have begun to master all three levels of tense and release you can experiment with just using one or two levels instead of always using all three.  Developing good awareness of the lightest level is particularly useful.  Some headaches develop from muscle tension and if you develop say, your awareness of excess muscle tension around your neck and shoulders then you can begin to feel this type of headache when it first starts and then use some breathing and release of tension skills to help to relieve it before it gets worse.

Another use of tense and release technique is to help to improve your quality of sleep.  The idea is not to make you fall asleep but to relax muscle tension before you go to sleep resulting in improved quality of sleep – try it really does work.  You may need to practise these skills for some time before you get most benefit but it is worth the effort.

So this technique can have positive benefits for dancers and dance teachers too.  There are ways to develop this technique for use in dance and performance and I will explore aspects of this another time.



Preparation for Performance

Prep for performance

You can download a free copy of my Preparation for Performance for Highland Dancers.  The non dance techniques introduced in this book aim to be an effective aid to enhancing performance.  If you are a dancer and want to have an edge on your fellow Highland dancing competitors then this book is for you.  If you are a teacher then encourage your dancers to learn and use these non dance techniques to help them to cope with the pressures of competition.

If you do not do or teach Highland dancing then don’t worry, these non dance technique skills and tips are easily transferrable to other dance genres.  And you can even use them in everyday life.

Topics include:-

  • Mental training skills
  • Breathing and relaxation
  • Practical exercises using balls and bands

You can go to the website to download your free copy now.